Project Area Selection

The Project area selection has been done keeping in view the Relevance, Efficiency, Effectiveness, Impact and Sustainability of the project and project activities. The project areas were selected in accordance with the following basic concept and approaches except for the Mangrove plantation and grassland development.

  • The project should be formulated to materialize project objectives i.e. restore degraded forests and to improve the income level of villagers with larger goals of environment improvement and poverty alleviation in the state.
  • Project area should be demarcated as a contiguous area rather than dispersed project sites throughout the state so that the project efforts should be concentrated and should be devoted to components so that to ensure project implementation efficiency, substantial project impact, cost efficiency, technical feasibility and sustainability.
  • Taking the climatic divergence of the state, which is a crucial limiting factor for project area selection and component selection as well, into consideration, project formulation should be worked out in such a way that the project should be technically and economically feasible and cost effective.
  • Project areas should be selected taking into account area assignments with the other on-going programmes / projects and should be selected to complement each other with on-going projects/ programmes and to bring out synergistic effect with investment of other projects/ programmes.
  • Project areas should be selected based on natural conditions favorable for the establishment and maintenance of forests without excessive and continuous investment.
  • Project areas should be selected taking account of socio-economic needs and priorities focusing on poverty alleviation and livelihood improvement.

Following 13 criteria were adopted for project area selection.

Forest area concentration
  • Forest area ratio
Natural Conditions ( Forest Cover Situations )
  • Forest Cover Ratio
  • Open Forest Cover Ratio
Natural Conditions ( Climatic conditions and natural limiting factors for forest establishment and maintenance
  • Agro-eco region and availability of water resources
  • Bio-geographical zone
  • Dominant natural forest type
  • IFDP Survival rates
Socio-economic Conditions
  • Schedule tribe population
  • Population density
  • Urban population
  • BPL HH ratio
Other interventions
  • Overlap with other watershed schemes
Potential GFDP II areas
  • Percentage of potential areas